Top 10 Best investment options in India in 2020
What are the best investment options in India?
There are numerous investment options in India that let you earn returns depending on your risk appetite and investment horizon. In this article, we will look at the Top 10 best investment options in India based on different criteria!
Before you make any investment choice; we suggest you evaluate your investment plan and ask yourself why do you want to invest and what is your goal?
It’s a natural human tendency to get more returns onour investment but we lack to think why are you investing first of all? is it that you want to earn quick money? or is it for your retirement?
If you don’t have a plan for your investment then more often than not you will end up losing money rather than making any!
How do you have a different kind of investment approach?
You should ideally split your investment goals into broadly 4 categories:-
- Short term goal (Anywhere between 0-2 years)
- Medium-term goal (Anywhere between 2-7 years)
- Long term goal ( 7 years +)
- Retirement ( This investment i for your retirement savings- do not mix this with Long term goal as remember, you will need some source of income to survive after retirement)
Confused after 2020 Budget related to income tax change? Try our income tax comparison calculator to check which income tax regime to opt for.
Here are the Top 10 Best investment options in India:-
Investment choice – 5/5 Risk – High
Investing in stocks may not be everyone’s cup of tea as it’s a risky asset class and there is no guarantee of returns. Further, not only is it difficult to pick the right stock, timing your entry and exit is also not easy. The only good thing about stocks is that over long periods, equity has been able to deliver higher than inflation-adjusted returns compared to all other asset classes.
Investing in stocks comes with a lot of risks associated with it. If you are not reviewing your investments periodically then you are at risk of losing your entire capital. Investors who do not want to take a lot of risks often tend to stick with good quality Blue chip stocks which mostly ensure stable and consistent returns.
At the same time, some investors fancy their luck with Penny stocks with an intention to make quick money but more often than not they end up losing a lot of money!
You can invest in various kinds of stocks. The average returns of direct equity returns are in the range of 12-15% over the long term. You can have a look at Best performing stocks in India in 2020, Best dividend paying stocks in 2020, and Zero debt companies in India.
Consider reading – How to start investing in the share market?
If you are starting to think about investing directly in stocks then you should have fundamental knowledge about what is Sensex and Nifty. Also, you should try to learn about stocks first before jumping into investing your hard earned money in stocks blindly!
Worried about the stock market crash read – Will there be a recession in 2020?
2. Equity mutual funds
Investment choice – 5/5 Risk – Medium to High
Equity mutual funds mainly invest in equity stocks. As per the current Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) Mutual Fund Regulations, an equity mutual fund scheme must invest at least 65 percent of its assets in equities and equity-related instruments.
In an actively traded fund, the returns are largely dependent on a fund manager’s ability to generate returns. Index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are passively managed, and these track the underlying index.
Equity schemes are categorized according to market-capitalization or the sectors in which they invest. They are also categorized by whether they are domestic (investing in stocks of only Indian companies) or international (investing in stocks of only Indian companies) or international (investing in stocks of overseas companies).
Equity mutual funds are mainly categorized as below:-
- Large-cap mutual funds(Invests mainly in large-cap companies whose market cap is more than 20000 crores)
- Mid-cap mutual funds(Invests mainly in mid-cap companies whose market cap is between 5000 crores and 20000 crores)
- Small call mutual funds(Invests mainly in small-cap companies whose market cap is below between 5000 crores)
- Multi-cap mutual funds(invests in companies of all types of market cap)
There are also mutual funds that are sector-specific like Banking focused, Manufacturing focused, etc.
Have a look at types of mutual funds in India
You can check all the mutual types here: – https://www.moneycontrol.com/mutualfundindia/
Don’t know how to select a mutual fund to invest in? read – How to select mutual funds in India – 5 point checklist
3.Debt mutual funds
Investment choice – 4/5 Risk – Low to Medium
Debt funds are ideal for investors who want steady returns. They are less volatile and, hence, less risky compared to equity funds. Debt mutual funds primarily invest in fixed-interest generating securities like corporate bonds, government securities, treasury bills, commercial paper, and other money market instruments.
The average returns of debt mutual funds are in the range of 5-9% depending on the type of mutual fund you invest in.
Have a look at types of mutual funds in India
Worried about debt fund problems recently? Red – Are debt funds safe?
4.National Pension System (NPS)
Investment choice – 5/5 Risk – Low
The National Pension System (NPS) is a long term retirement-focused investment product managed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). The minimum annual (April-March) contribution for an NPS Tier-1 account to remain active has been reduced from Rs 6,000 to Rs 1,000.
It is a mix of equity, fixed deposits, corporate bonds, liquid funds, and government funds, among others. Based on your risk appetite, you can decide how much of your money can be invested in equities through NPS.
NPS offers two kinds of investment options. NPS Tier 1 account and NPS Tier 2 account.
NPS Tier 1 account – This is mandatory as part of the NPS account creation and you can not withdraw money until the age of 60.
NPS Tier 2 account – This is an optional account that can be created by the subscriber to get benefits of lower expense ration if you are planning to invest in mutual funds.
Read more about- What is tier 1 and tier 2 in NPS
Check here how to open NPS account
5.Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Investment choice – 4/5 Risk – Low
The Public Provident Fund (PPF) is one product a lot of people turn to. Since the PPF has a long tenure of 15 years, the impact of compounding of tax-free interest is huge, especially in the later years. Further, since the interest earned and the principal invested is backed by a sovereign guarantee, it makes it a safe investment. The current interest rate for different PF instruments are as below:-
PPF – 7.1%
EPF- 8.65%(For the year 2019-2020)
VPF – 8.65%(For the year 2019-2020)
6.Bank fixed deposit (FD)
Investment choice – 3/5 Risk – Low
A bank fixed deposit (FD) is a safe choice for investing in India. Under the deposit insurance and credit guarantee corporation (DICGC) rules, each depositor in a bank is insured up to a maximum of Rs 5 lakh for both principal and interest amount.
As per the need, one may opt for monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, yearly, or cumulative interest options in them. The interest rate earned is added to one’s income and is taxed as per one’s income slab.
The interest rate for FD in the current situation is crashing as RBI has reduced the interest rates.
Latest Bank FD rates in August 2020
|Bank||FD Interest Rate||Senior Citizen FD Interest Rates|
|SBI||3.30% – 5.70%||3.80% – 6.50%|
|ICICI Bank||3.25% – 5.75%||3.75% – 6.25%|
|HDFC Bank||3.00% – 6.00%||3.50% – 6.50%|
|Axis Bank||3.50% – 6.10%||3.50% – 6.75%|
|IDFC First Bank||4.00% – 7.25%||4.50% – 7.75%|
|Kotak Bank||3.00% – 5.60%||3.50% – 6.10%|
|Bank of Baroda||3.50% – 5.70%||4.00% – 6.20%|
|Citibank||2.75% – 4.00%||3.25% – 4.50%|
|IDBI Bank||3.10% – 5.90%||3.60% – 6.40%|
|Indian Bank||3.75% – 5.75%||4.25% – 6.25%|
|OBC||3.50% – 5.75%||4.00% – 6.25%|
|Allahabad Bank||3.75% – 5.75%||4.25% – 6.25%|
|PNB||3.50% – 5.75%||4.00% – 6.25%|
|PNB Housing Finance||7.20% – 7.75%||7.45% – 8.00%|
|Indian Overseas Bank||4.50% – 5.75%||5.25% – 6.50%|
|Andhra Bank||4.00% – 5.90%||4.50% – 6.40%|
|Bank of India||4.00% – 5.90%||4.50% – 6.40%|
|Bank of Maharashtra||3.50% – 5.75%||3.50% – 6.25%|
|Canara Bank||4.00% – 5.75%||4.00% – 6.25%|
|Punjab and Sind Bank||4.00% – 5.85%||4.50% – 6.35%|
|Central Bank of India||3.70% – 5.65%||4.20% – 6.15%|
|UCO Bank||3.90% – 5.75%||4.15% – 6.25%|
|Union Bank of India||4.00% – 5.90%||4.50% – 6.40%|
|DHFL||8.50% – 9.25%||9.00% – 9.75%|
|Lakshmi Vilas Bank||4.00% – 7.25%||4.00% – 7.25%|
|United Bank of India||3.50% – 5.75%||4.00% – 6.25%|
|Karnataka Bank||3.50% – 5.90%||4.00% – 6.40%|
|DBS Bank||4.00% – 5.70%||4.00% – 5.70%|
|Jammu And Kashmir Bank||3.50% – 5.70%||4.00% – 6.20%|
|Karur Vysya Bank||4.15% – 6.05%||4.15% – 6.55%|
|Yes Bank||5.00% – 7.50%||5.50% – 8.00%|
|Syndicate Bank||4.00% – 6.30%||4.00% – 6.80%|
|Standard Chartered Bank||4.25% – 6.50%||4.25% – 6.50%|
|Dhan Laxmi Bank||3.50% – 6.40%||4.00% – 6.90%|
|Bajaj Finserv||7.40% – 7.60%||7.65% – 7.85%|
|LIC Housing Finance||7.50% – 7.60%||7.75% – 7.85%|
|Federal Bank||3.50% – 6.25%||4.00% – 6.75%|
|Corporation Bank||4.00% – 5.90%||4.50% – 6.40%|
|IndusInd Bank||4.00% – 7.00%||4.50% – 7.50%|
|RBL Bank||5.00% – 7.25%||5.50% – 7.75%|
|HSBC Bank||2.50% – 4.25%||3.00% – 4.75%|
|DCB Bank||5.00% – 7.35%||5.50% – 7.85%|
|Bandhan Bank||3.25% – 6.50%||4.00% – 7.25%|
|South Indian Bank||4.00% – 6.30%||4.50% – 6.80%|
7.Senior Citizen’s Saving Scheme (SCSS)
Investment choice – 4/5 Risk – Low
Probably the first choice of most retirees, the Senior Citizens’ Saving Scheme (SCSS) is a must-have in their investment portfolios. As the name suggests, only senior citizens or early retirees can invest in this scheme. SCSS can be availed from a post office or a bank by anyone above 60. SCSS has a five-year tenure, which can be further extended by three years once the scheme matures.
Currently, the interest rate that can be earned on SCSS is 7.4%(in 2020) percent per annum, payable quarterly, and is fully taxable. The upper investment limit is Rs 15 lakh, and one may open more than one account. Read more about- How to invest in Senior Citizens Savings Scheme
8.RBI Taxable Bonds
Investment choice – 3/5 Risk – Low
The government has replaced the erstwhile 8 percent Savings (Taxable) Bonds 2003 with the 7.75 percent Savings (Taxable) Bonds. These bonds come with a tenure of 7 years. The bonds may be issued in Demat form and credited to the Bond Ledger Account (BLA) of the investor and a Certificate of Holding is given to the investor as proof of investment. Read more about RBI Taxable Bonds.
As on 29-05-2020; RBI has withdrawn the 7.75% RBI taxable bonds citing the lowering of interest rates by RBI.
As on 26-06-2020; The Government of India has announced to launch Floating Rate Savings Bonds, 2020 (Taxable) scheme commencing from July 01, 2020, to enable person resident in India/HUF to invest in a taxable bond, without any monetary ceiling.
RBI floating rate bond interest rate – The interest on the bonds is payable semi-annually on 1st Jan and 1st July every year. The coupon on 1st January 2021 shall be paid at 7.15%. The Interest rate for the next half-year will be reset every six months, the first reset being on January 01, 2021. There is no option to pay interest on a cumulative basis.
Investment choice – 2/5 Risk – High
The house that you live in is for self-consumption and should never be considered as an investment. If you do not intend to live in it, the second property you buy can be your investment.
The location of the property is the single most important factor that will determine the value of your property and also the rental that it can earn. Investments in real estate deliver returns in two ways – capital appreciation and rentals. However, unlike other asset classes, real estate is highly illiquid.
The other big risk is with getting the necessary regulatory approvals, which has largely been addressed after coming of the real estate regulator.
Real estate performs worst in the time of recession. So unless you really need to buy a house for your own end-use. Don’t invest in real estate.
Investment choice – 4/5 Risk – Medium
Possessing gold in the form of jewelry has its own concerns like safety and high cost. Then there are the ‘making charges’, which typically range between 6-14 percent of the cost of gold (and may go as high as 25 percent in case of special designs). For those who would want to buy gold coins, there’s still an option.
One can also buy ingeniously minted coins. An alternate way of owning paper gold in a more cost-effective manner is through gold ETFs. Such investment (buying and selling) happens on a stock exchange (NSE or BSE) with gold as the underlying asset. Investing in Sovereign Gold Bonds is another option to own paper-gold. Read more about sovereign gold bonds.
Gold glitters when there is a recession. Since we are entering into a recession the gold prices are expected to rise significantly from the current level. Have some allocation to gold in your portfolio. The easiest way you can do it is through Gold ETFs.
Which is the best investment option in India?
We looked at Top 10 Best investment options in India in 2020. The best investment option depends on your risk-taking ability and investment horizon. Always keep in mind your investment goals.
‘The best way to get rich is not trying to get rich quickly!’
Please choose the investment option as per your needs, Consult a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.
If you are new to investments then please have a read on Investing for Beginners guide in India
Top 10 Best investment options in India FAQs
Which is the best option to invest money in India?
The top 10 best investment options in India in 2020 are as below:-
1. Direct Equity
2. Equity Mutual Fund
3. Debt Funds
6. Bank Fixed Deposit
7. RBI taxable bonds(currently not available in 2020)
8. Senior Citizens’ Saving Scheme
10. Real Estate
Where to invest money to get good returns?
If you are looking to generate good returns on your investment then equity(stock) investments generate very good returns over a long period in time. Thing to note though, the stock selection plays a crucial role in getting good returns.
What are the safe investments with high returns in India?
If you want to have safe investments yet looking for high returns then you can consider below investment options:-
2. Debt mutual funds
3. RBI taxable bonds
4. Senior Citizens’ Saving Scheme
Whats is the best investment plan for 1 to 3 years?
For a 1 to 3-year investment horizon. below are the best investment options:-
1. Liquid mutual funds
2. Ultra short term debt mutual funds
3. Bank FD
Which is the best investment plan in India for middle class?
Best investment options for the middle class in India:-
Short term 1-3 years
1. Liquid funds
2. Short term debt funds
3. Bank FD
Medium-term 3-7 years
1. Debt mutual funds like Banking & PSU mutual funds
2. Corporate debt funds
3. Equity mutual funds
4. Index funds
5. Bank FD
Long-term 7+ years
1. Direct equity
2. Equity mutual funds
3. Debt mutual funds
What is the interest rate for RBI floating rate bond?
The interest on the bonds is payable semi-annually on 1st Jan and 1st July every year. The coupon on 1st January 2021 shall be paid at 7.15%. The Interest rate for next half-year will be reset every six months, the first reset being on January 01, 2021. There is no option to pay interest on cumulative basis.