What is Sensex: Full List of Stocks, Companies, Weightage of Stocks

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The Sensex, also known as the BSE Sensex or the S&P BSE Sensex, is a stock market index in India that represents the performance of the top 30 companies listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). It is considered a benchmark index for the Indian stock market and is widely followed by investors, analysts, and the media.

What is Sensex
What is Sensex

In this article let’s understand what is sensex and understand more about how it functions, the stock list, and Sensex Weightage by Stock.

Consider reading: What is NIFTY 50 – Stocks List

Sensex Stocks List and Their Weightage

1Reliance IndIntegrated Oil & Gas13.36%
2HDFC BankBanks9.65%
3ICICI BankBanks8.78%
4InfosysIT Consulting & Software8.70%
5HDFCPersonal Products6.51%
6TCSIT Consulting & Software5.13%
7Kotak Mahindra BankBanks4.23%
8ITCCigarettes, Tobacco Products4.10%
9HINDUSTAN UNIHousing Finance3.72%
10Larsen & ToubroConstruction & Engineering3.37%
11State Bank of IndiaBanks3.11%
12Axis BankBanks3.05%
13Bajaj FinanceHolding Companies2.63%
14Bharti AirtelTelecom Services2.62%
15Asian PaintsFurniture, Furnishing, Paints2.18%
16Maruti SuzukiCars & Utility Vehicles1.85%
17Mahindra & MahindraCars & Utility Vehicles1.78%
18HCL TechnologiesIT Consulting & Software1.54%
19Titan CoOther Apparels & Accessories1.53%
20Sun PharmaPharmaceuticals1.49%
21Bajaj FinservFinance (including NBFCs)1.22%
22Tata SteelIron & Steel/Interm.Products1.19%
23UltraTech CementCement & Cement Products1.18%
24Power GridElectric Utilities1.13%
25NTPCElectric Utilities1.12%
26NestlePackaged Foods1.07%
27Tech MahindraIT Consulting & Software1.03%
28WiproIT Consulting & Software0.96%
29IndusInd BankBanks0.95%
30Dr Reddy’s LabsPharmaceuticals0.84%
Weightage of stocks in Sensex in 2024

Sensex Weightage by Sectors

Below is the Sensex Weightage by Sector:

Sl.NoSENSEX/SectorsFree Float Market Capitalisation (%)
2Information Technology14.29
3Oil & Gas12.82
5Transport Equipments5.24
6Capital Goods3.98
9Chemical & Petrochemical2.06
10Consumer Durables1.73
12Housing Related1.28
13Metal,Metal Products & Mining1.24
Sensex Weightage by Sectors

Consider reading: Bank NIFTY Stocks List, Weightage, Lot Size and Details

What is Sensex Index?

The Sensex Index represents a key benchmark for India’s financial markets, consisting of 30 prominent and highly liquid public companies listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

Calculated in both Indian rupees and U.S. dollars, the Sensex Index employs a float-adjusted and market capitalization-weighted methodology.

The Sensex was first introduced in 1986 and is calculated using free float market capitalization weighted methodology, where the level of the index reflects the total market value of all the stocks in the index relative to a particular base period.

The base period for the Sensex is 1978-79, and the index level is calculated with a base value of 100.

The companies included in the Sensex are selected based on their market capitalization, liquidity, and sector representation.

The index is reviewed and rebalanced periodically to ensure that it continues to accurately reflect the performance of the top 30 companies on the BSE.

The Sensex is considered a leading indicator of the Indian stock market and is widely used as a barometer of the country’s economic health.

It is often used by investors as a benchmark for the performance of their portfolios, and it is also used by analysts and the media to gauge the overall performance of the stock market.

Consider reading: Fin Nifty Index Stocks List, Weightage and Details

What is the History of Sensex?

Here is a brief history of the Sensex:

1986150Sensex launched
19924,285Harshad Mehta scam, Sensex plunges 12.7% in one day
20005,000Dot-com bubble burst, Sensex falls 56% in two months
200610,000Sensex hits lowest point during the global financial crisis
200821,206Sensex crosses the five-digit mark for the first time
20098,160Sensex hits its lowest point during the global financial crisis
201425,000Sensex crosses historic milestone after Narendra Modi’s election victory
201730,000Sensex reaches new high on positive economic outlook
202025,638Sensex crashes due to COVID-19 pandemic
202158,296Sensex hits record high on vaccine optimism and economic recovery
History of Sensex

What are the Criteria for the Stocks to be Part of Sensex?

There are a few criteria for a stock to be part of BSE Sensex, they are:

  1. Stocks should be listed for a minimum of 6 months on the BSE stock exchange
  2. The stock should have traded for all the trading days for the last 6 months
  3. If the stock has a DVR then the DVR is aggregated with the company’s common stock and index construction is done based on the aggregated company
  4. Stocks meeting the above criteria then qualify for the selection and then the top 75 companies out of the list are identified based on their average six-month float-adjusted market capitalization.
  5. All companies meeting the eligibility factors are ranked again based on their average six-month total market capitalization. The top 75 are identified.
  6. All companies identified based on steps 4 and 5 are then combined and sorted based on their annualized traded value. Companies with a cumulative annualized traded value greater than 98% are excluded.
  7. The remaining companies are then sorted by average six-month float-adjusted market capitalization. Companies with a weight of less than 0.5% are excluded.
  8. The remaining companies from Step 7 are then ranked based on their average six-month float-adjusted market capitalization, and are selected for index inclusion according to the following rules:
    • The top 21 companies (whether current index constituents or not) are selected for index inclusion with no sector consideration.
    • Existing constituents ranked 22 – 39 are selected in order of highest rank until the target constituent count of 30 is reached.
    • If after this step the target constituent count is not achieved, then non-constituents ranked 22 – 30 are selected by giving preference to those companies whose sector is underrepresented in the index as compared to the sector representation in the S&P BSE All Cap.
    • If after this step, the target constituent count is still not achieved, non-constituents are selected in order of highest rank until the target constituent count is reached.

Consider reading: Latest NIFTY PE Ratio

Sensex Historical Performance

The below picture depicts the historical performance of Sensex since 1980:

Sensex Historical Performance
Sensex Historical Performance

Difference between Nifty and Sensex

Both the Sensex and the Nifty are benchmark stock market indices representing the performance of select companies listed on India’s Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE), respectively.

These indices are often used as reference points for comparing the performance of other indices and individual stocks.

Nevertheless, there are certain distinguishing factors between Nifty and Sensex:

  1. The Sensex measures the performance of the top 30 companies, while the Nifty tracks the top 50, based on free-float market capitalization and liquidity.
  2. The Sensex has a base value of 100, whereas the base index value for the Nifty stands at 1000.
  3. The base year for the Sensex computation is 1978-79, while the base date for the Nifty is November 3rd, 1995.
  4. Introduced in 1986, the Sensex is India’s first stock index, whereas the Nifty was launched a decade later in 1996.
  5. Lastly, while S&P operates the Sensex, the Nifty is managed by India Index Services and Products Ltd (IISL), an NSE subsidiary.

FAQs on What is Sensex

  1. What is the importance of the BSE Sensex in the Indian stock market?

    Sensex is the oldest index in the Indian stock market. When people look at historic returns, they first look at the returns of Sensex from 1980. The Sensex Index has given tremendous returns since 1980. In 1980, Sensex was close to 150 and in 2020 Sensex is near 40000. This gives an indication of how in the long run investors can make a lot of money from the stock market if they just stick to the investments in the long run!

  2. Is Sensex a listed company?

    Many people get confused between Sensex and BSE. Sensex is an Index that is part of BSE. BSE is a listed company in NSE which manages the Sensex index.

  3. What is the difference between Sensex and Nifty?

    Sensex and Nifty are 2 different stock indexes which are created by 2 different stock exchanges. Sensex is created by BSE which consists of 30 stocks and Nifty a.k.a nifty 50 is created by NSE and consists of 50 stocks in its Index.

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